Citing Electronic Resources:

Electronic resources should have the standard citation elements of author, title, source, publication date. If the citation consists of just a web address, it is not correct.

APA = American Psychological Association, use for Social Sciences courses
MLA = Modern Language Association, use for General and Literature courses
Turabian = modified Chicago Manual Style, use for Religion and Christian Ministry courses


Style Guides:

Crucial Elements Unique to Electronic Resources:

  • URL (http://……..)
  • Retrieved date (date the material was accessed via the Internet)

Key: If you can’t find the material on the Internet using the information in the citation, it is probably not correct.

Red Flags :

  • Wikipedia or another encyclopedia: May be useful in the information gathering stage of research, but not appropriate to cite for college-level papers.
  • Address Endings: Addresses ending in .com (commercial), .net (network provider), .org (non-profit organization) should be scrutinized more that those ending in .edu (educational institution) and in .gov (U.S. government).

Additional Resources: