Citation Help

APA = American Psychological Association, use for Social Sciences courses
MLA = Modern Language Association, use for General and Literature courses
Turabian = modified Chicago Manual Style, use for Religion and Christian Ministry courses

Style Guides: APA MLA Turabian
Tutorials: APA MLA Turabian

Citing Electronic Resources

Electronic resources should have the standard citation elements of author, title, source, publication date. If the citation consists of just a web address, it is not correct.

Examples: APA or MLA or Turabian

Crucial Elements Unique to Electronic Resources:

  • URL (http://……..)
  • Retrieved date (date the material was accessed via the Internet)

Key: If you can’t find the material on the Internet using the information in the citation, it is probably not correct.

Red Flags:

  • Wikipedia or other encyclopedia: May be useful, but not appropriate to cite for college level papers.
  • Address Endings: Addresses ending in .com (commercial), .net (network provider), .org (non-profit organization) should be scrutinized more that those ending in .edu (educational institution) and in .gov (U.S. government).